Hair loss is excessive hair loss. This condition can result in thinning of the hair or baldness, either temporary or permanent.
The amount of hair a person will loose or fall out about 50-100 strands every day. This is normal, because there is also hair that grows every day. Normal hair growth will begin with the growth phase (anagen), where the hair will grow and last for 2-6 years.
After that, the hair will fall out and will grow back 2-3 months after the fall out (telogen phase). Before falling out, the hair will enter a transition period of 2-3 weeks ( katagen phase). If this hair growth cycle is disrupted, the hair will fall out until it leads to baldness.
Causes of Hair Loss
Many factors can cause the hair growth cycle to be disrupted, resulting in hair loss. Hair loss that occurs suddenly can occur due to certain diseases or medications (e.g. chemotherapy), unhealthy diet, and after childbirth. While hair loss that occurs gradually is most often caused by offspring.
Hair Loss Symptoms
Hair loss begins with the symptoms of thinning hair. This thinning can occur suddenly or gradually. Hair loss can occur only on the scalp or the entire body. These symptoms can last temporarily or permanently.
Hair Loss Treatment
The treatment of hair loss depends on the cause. The most frequent cause is heredity, and the condition is a natural process that does not harm health.
Treatment steps are usually taken when a person begins to feel his appearance is disturbed due to hair loss. Treatment for hair loss is by drugs, or it can also be with hair transplantation to overcome baldness due to hair loss.
Hair Loss Prevention
Hair loss can be prevented from thinning hair or baldness. The trick is to choose a safe hair care product and protect the hair from direct sun exposure.
Before carrying out treatment, the doctor will determine the cause of hair loss. The doctor will ask about the symptoms that appear, diseases suffered before, and diseases suffered by other family members.
After that, the doctor will perform a physical examination, especially the examination of hair and scalp. One is by pulling hair to see how much hair is falling out. If necessary, the doctor can perform a laboratory examination with a sample of blood, hair or scalp.
Hair Loss Treatment
Once the cause is known, the dermatologist will treat hair loss according to the cause. For example, in hair loss due to the use of certain medications, the doctor will reassess the benefits and risks of the drug. If necessary, the doctor will stop or replace it with medications that do not cause hair loss.
For hair loss caused by autoimmune diseases, the doctor will give corticosteroid drugs, either in the form of smears or tablets taken. When hair loss only occurs temporarily, for example due to chemotherapy, there is no specific treatment. The doctor will only inform the patient that his hair will grow back after treatment is complete.
When uncomfortable with the appearance of baldness, people with hair loss can use wigs or wigs, as well as hats or head coverings.
For insurmountable causes, namely heredity, some of the treatment steps that doctors can take to overcome hair loss are:
Drugs that can be given include:
- Drugs used on the scalp
- Minoxidil is available in the form of a liquid or shampoo used directly to the scalp. Minoxidil stimulates hair growth in areas already showing thinning or baldness.
- Drugs taken
- Finasteride and spironolactone are drugs that work by inhibiting the formation of hormones on the skin that cause hair loss. Finasteride is given to men. As for women, spironolactone is given.
This procedure is done by taking the scalp containing active hair seeds to replace the area of the scalp that falls out. New hair growth from the scalp transplant results will be visible a few months after the action. Hair transplant procedures can be an option for people experiencing permanent baldness.
Hair Loss Prevention
Hair loss caused by heredity can not be prevented. However, the following efforts can be made to prevent hair loss that triggers thinning of the hair:
1. Wise in coloring hair
Avoid changing hair color, as such actions risk causing hair loss. But if you want to dye your hair, avoid bleaching and too drastic discoloration.
2. Choose the appropriate hair care products
Use hair care products that suit the hair type, for example shampoo for dry hair or oily hair.
3. Combing hair in the right way
Gently comb the hair from the base to the ends of the hair, so that the oil from the base of the hair spreads to the ends of the hair, as well as avoid combing in a wet state of hair.
4. Avoid hair styling by pulling hair
Certain hairstyles, such as horsetail tie or bun, will pull the hair causing loss. In addition, the habit of pulling or twisting hair also needs to be avoided to prevent hair loss.
5. Protect hair from sunlight
Protect hair from direct sunlight exposure by using a hat. In addition, special types of hats (cooling hats or cooling caps) can be used to reduce hair loss due to chemotherapy.
Usually people will realize that their hair is falling out when they have thinning their hair on their head. This can happen when the amount of loose hair is greater than the amount of hair that grows.
Hair loss can occur suddenly or gradually, as well as it can only last a while or permanent, depending on the cause. Some of the signs that appear due to hair loss are:
1. Thinning of hair at the top of the head
Thinning of the hair at the top of the head is the most common symptom of hair loss, both in men and women.
2. Partial Balding
The condition is characterized by the appearance of baldness on only one or several areas of the head, and the surface of the bald scalp will feel smooth. Balding on the head can also be accompanied by the scalp becoming red, swollen, and secreting fluid. In addition to the scalp, balding can also occur on the beard or eyebrows.
3. Thinning of hair evenly on the head
Every day there are 50-100 strands of loose or falling hair, especially when combing or shampooing. A person who experiences hair loss may feel the amount of hair that comes off suddenly more. This condition results in a complete thinning of the hair on the head, not just in certain areas.
4. Hair loss throughout the body
This loss occurs in all parts of the body, not just on the scalp.
When to See a Doctor
When you feel disturbed or worried about the hair loss you are experiencing, please do not hesitate to consult a doctor about this. In addition, you are also recommended to see a doctor immediately if:
- Hair loss occurs suddenly with an amount that exceeds the usual.
- Experiencing balding.
- The scalp of hair loss is reddened, swollen, or secretes fluid.
- Hair loss is experienced after taking certain medications.
The dermatologist will find out the cause and determine whether or not special treatment is necessary to avoid baldness.