Before carrying out treatment, the doctor will determine the cause of hair loss. The doctor will ask about the symptoms that appear, diseases suffered before, and diseases suffered by other family members.
After that, the doctor will perform a physical examination, especially the examination of hair and scalp. One is by pulling hair to see how much hair is falling out. If necessary, the doctor can perform a laboratory examination with a sample of blood, hair or scalp.
Hair Loss Treatment
Once the cause is known, the dermatologist will treat hair loss according to the cause. For example, in hair loss due to the use of certain medications, the doctor will reassess the benefits and risks of the drug. If necessary, the doctor will stop or replace it with medications that do not cause hair loss.
For hair loss caused by autoimmune diseases, the doctor will give corticosteroid drugs, either in the form of smears or tablets taken. When hair loss only occurs temporarily, for example due to chemotherapy, there is no specific treatment. The doctor will only inform the patient that his hair will grow back after treatment is complete.
When uncomfortable with the appearance of baldness, people with hair loss can use wigs or wigs, as well as hats or head coverings.
For insurmountable causes, namely heredity, some of the treatment steps that doctors can take to overcome hair loss are:
Drugs that can be given include:
- Drugs used on the scalp
- Minoxidil is available in the form of a liquid or shampoo used directly to the scalp. Minoxidil stimulates hair growth in areas already showing thinning or baldness.
- Drugs taken
- Finasteride and spironolactone are drugs that work by inhibiting the formation of hormones on the skin that cause hair loss. Finasteride is given to men. As for women, spironolactone is given.
This procedure is done by taking the scalp containing active hair seeds to replace the area of the scalp that falls out. New hair growth from the scalp transplant results will be visible a few months after the action. Hair transplant procedures can be an option for people experiencing permanent baldness.
Hair Loss Prevention
Hair loss caused by heredity can not be prevented. However, the following efforts can be made to prevent hair loss that triggers thinning of the hair:
1. Wise in coloring hair
Avoid changing hair color, as such actions risk causing hair loss. But if you want to dye your hair, avoid bleaching and too drastic discoloration.
2. Choose the appropriate hair care products
Use hair care products that suit the hair type, for example shampoo for dry hair or oily hair.
3. Combing hair in the right way
Gently comb the hair from the base to the ends of the hair, so that the oil from the base of the hair spreads to the ends of the hair, as well as avoid combing in a wet state of hair.
4. Avoid hair styling by pulling hair
Certain hairstyles, such as horsetail tie or bun, will pull the hair causing loss. In addition, the habit of pulling or twisting hair also needs to be avoided to prevent hair loss.
5. Protect hair from sunlight
Protect hair from direct sunlight exposure by using a hat. In addition, special types of hats (cooling hats or cooling caps) can be used to reduce hair loss due to chemotherapy.